One of the most well-known buildings in Cambridge, King's College Chapel, was begun in 1446 by King Henry VI. The project was completed in 1515 during the reign of King Henry VIII. Peterhouse, founded in 1284 is the oldest college of the University of Cambridge.
The city gained its second University in 1992 when Anglia Polytechnic became Anglia Polytechnic University. Recalled Ruskin University in 2005, the association has its roots in the Cambridge School of Art opened by John Ruskin in 1858.
The River Cam flows through the city north from the village of Grantchester, the name 'Cambridge' was came from the river.
Cambridge was also the home of Pye Ltd, who made radios and televisions and also defence equipment. Cambridge is a city with many transport connections as well as being one of the UK's eleven "Cycling Cities", a rank given in 2008.
Cambridgeshire Rowing Association was formed in 1868 and organises competitive rowing on the river outside of the University. Cambridge is also home to two Real Tennis courts of just 42 in the world, these are at Cambridge University Real Tennis Club.
Cambridge is well known for its university sporting events against Oxford, especially the Boat Race and the rugby union Varsity Match. They are followed by people around the world, many who have no link to the institutions.
The Cambridge Corn Exchange is the biggest venue in the city to frequently arrange theatrical performances. In the 1980's the City Council modernised the building, turning it into a full-time hosting theatre, arts venue, dance and music performances. Cambridge’s Arts Theatre is in the town centre and seats 666. The 220-seat J2 is the latest theatre venue in Cambridge, also known as The Shed, part of the Junction complex in Cambridge Leisure Park. The venue was opened in 2004 and hosts live music, comedy and night clubs as well as traditional and contemporary theatre and dance.
The ADC Theatre is managed by the University of Cambridge, and typically has 3 shows a week during term time. The Mumford Theatre is part of Anglia Ruskin University, and hosts shows by both student and non student groups.
Cambridge’s claims to fame include: Silent Witness, the BBC television programme, was filmed in Cambridge, Pink Floyd are from Cambridge, Olivia Newton-John and Matthew Bellamy were born in Cambridge, singer-songwriter Nick Drake and Manchester music mogul Tony Wilson, the founder of Factory Records, were both educated at the University of Cambridge.
Cambridge's Midsummer Fair dates back to 1211, when it was granted a charter by King Johnand, is held close to midsummers day for several days. The Strawberry Fair is held on Midsummer Common on the first Saturday in June, with a series of market stalls, children's fair and free music. For one week in May, on nearby Jesus Green, the annual Cambridge Beer Festival is held. Started in 1974, it is Britain's second largest beer festival outside London. In 2009 a tonne of cheese and 90,000 pints of beer were consumed.
One of the biggest festivals of folk music in the UK is the Cambridge Folk Festival and is held annually on the premises of Cherry Hinton Hall. The University's chapels and colleges house the annual Cambridge Summer Music Festival. William Shakespeare's workings are performed for an eight-week season called the Cambridge Shakespeare Festival, held in the gardens of the Colleges of The University of Cambridge. The Cambridge Film Festival, created in 1977, is held each year in September.