main roads of Chester, Northgate, Bridge, Eastgate and Westgate follow routes
laid out at the time of the founding of the city.
After the Romans left in the 5th century, the Saxons fortified
Chester against the Danes and gave Chester its name. The patron saint of
Chester, St. Werburgh is entombed in Chester Cathedral.
During the Norman conquest of England Chester was one of the
last towns to fall to Norman rule. Subsequently the construction of a castle
was ordered by William the Conqueror and Hugh d'Avranches was created the 1st
Earl of Chester in 1071.
Chester has a number of medieval buildings although some of
the black-and-white buildings within the city centre are actually Victorian
restorations. The preservation of Chester's walls has been highly successful
with the listed Grade 1 walls being almost entirely complete.
The latter part of the 18th century saw Chester making
significant contributions to the industrial revolution. The large Chester
Cattle Market and the two Chester railway stations, Chester General and Chester
Northgate Station, meant that Newtown with its cattle market and canal, and
Hoole with its railways were responsible for providing the vast majority of
workers and in turn, the vast amount of Chester's wealth production throughout
the Industrial Revolution.
The area of Chester outside the parishes came under the
unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester in April of 2009 whilst a small
area around Chester Castle remains a civil parish of Chester Castle. Chester
returns its own Member of Parliament to Westminster.
The service industry is now the prevalent industry within
Chester and comprises retail, tourism, public administration and financial
services. The landmarks of Chester are a major attraction to tourists and its
semi-rural location and its proximity to North Wales, Liverpool and Manchester
have allowed the local hotel trade to flourish.
Road links in Chester include the M56 towards Manchester and
the M53 to Liverpool and the Wirral Peninsula. The A483 links Chester to nearby
Wrexham whilst the A55 follows the North Wales coast to Anglesey and Holyhead.