A vast amount of tourists visit every year, totalling five million, mostly drawn in from the UK. The many place names in Cornwall derive from the Cornish language. It is also noted for its wild moorland landscapes and extensive and varied coastline with sailing and surfing prevalent in the area. It was in 2006 that Cornwall was host to the Inter-Celtic Watersports Festival.
The present human history of Cornwall begins with the reoccupation of Britain after the last Ice Age. During the late Bronze Age, Cornwall was involved with the Atlantic Bronze Age, a maritime trading network.
The Britons were the Celtic people who inhabited Cornwall during the British Iron Age.
Archaically tin mining was central to Cornwall's economy, becoming significant during the Middle Ages and expanding greatly during the 19th century when rich copper mines were also in production. Tin and Copper mining steadily declined during the mid 19th century due to a greater demand being placed on China clay extraction resulting in metal mining virtually ending by the 1990s.
The development of the railway networks during the 20th century enabled an increase in tourism to Cornwall, though it is not enough to boost the economy to compensate for the decline in the mining and fishing industries located there.
There is a strong culinary heritage in Cornwall. Fertile seas and fishing grounds allow for quality seafood readily available; Newlyn is the largest fishing port in the UK by value of fish landed.
However, Cornwall is unsuitable for growing arable crops due to its poor soil and wet climate. The area is ideal for growing the rich grasses required for dairying and subsequently the production of clotted cream.
Cornwall is also famous for its production of beers and stouts, particularly those from the Sharp's Brewery, St Austell Brewery and Skinner's Brewery. Unusual folk survivals existing in Cornwall include Obby Oss in Padstow, the Furry Dance in Helston and Mumers Plays.