Cumbria is mainly mountainous and is home to every peak in England with heights over 900m, including the largest mountain in England, Scafell Pike at 987m. The county town of Cumbria is Carlisle and is the largest settlement in the region consisting of six districts. In 2008 it had a population of just under half a million. Cumbria has been the site of many skirmishes between the English and Scottish and this combined with a history of migrations, invasions and settlements has added much to its heritage.Archaic sites in Cumbria include Carlisle Castle, Furness Abbey, and Hadrian's Wall.
The Lake District and Cumbria as a whole attracts visitors from across the UK, Europe, North America and the Far East. The only motorway to run through Cumbria is the M6. The largest and most widespread industry in Cumbria is tourism with over 36,000 Cumbrians employed in the tourism industry adding 1.1 billion to the county's economy on a yearly basis. The Lake District National Park alone processes some 15.8 million visitors every year.
Many large companies and organisations are based in Cumbria. The largest employer in Cumbria is the County Council, employing over 17,000 people, followed by the 10,000 strong workforce employed by Sellafield Nuclear Plant.
Established in 2007, The University of Cumbria is one of the newest universities in the UK and the only one within Cumbria.