This variety of
topography has had a significant effect on the development of Derbyshire
throughout its history.
Derbyshire has a three-tier local government since the local
government reorganisation in 1974. The county city of Derby is now a unitary
authority area but remains part of the ceremonial county of Derbyshire.
Resources including iron, limestone, coal and lead are found
naturally and in abundance throughout Derbyshire. The presence of limestone
within the county has led to the development of a number of large quarries
throughout the region which have been mainly used for building materials and in
steel production in the local towns and also, more recently and to the present
day, in the production of cement. The limestone areas of central Derbyshire
were found to contain veins of lead ore, and these were mined from Roman times.
Derbyshire’s location made it ideal for the development of
water power and the subsequent application of this power to mills during the
industrial revolution. The importance of these features has led to parts of
Derbyshire's Derwent Valley being awarded World Heritage status. Derbyshire contains within its area of approx. 225 miles significant parts of the National Forest.
Derbyshire has three football teams currently competing in
the Football League: Derby County F.C., Burton Albion and Chesterfield F.C.
Derbyshire County Cricket Club competes in Division Two of
the County Championship and are based at the County Cricket Ground in Derby.
The geography of Derbyshire has allowed it to be developed
as a significant centre for outdoor recreation, housing many activities such as
hill walking, rock climbing, caving, sailing and cycling.
Derbyshire has many attractions for both tourists and local
people. The Peak District has distinct local features and offers a wide range
of recreation and scenery including Mam Tor and the moors of Kinder Scout.
Regional places of interest in Derbyshire include Bolsover
Castle, Castleton, Chatsworth House, Crich Tramway Museum, Peak Rail steam
railway, Midland Railway steam railway, Dovedale, Haddon Hall, The Heights of
Abraham and Matlock Bath.
In the north of Derbyshire, three large reservoirs, Howden,
Derwent and Ladybower, were built during the early part of the 20th century to
supply the rapidly growing populations of Sheffield, Derby and Leicester with
The National Trust owns and operates a great number of lands
and properties within Derbyshire granting access to the public to places such
as Ilam Park, Kedleston Hall, Calke Abbey, High Peak Estate and Hardwick Hall.