Essex is home to London Stansted Airport, the Lakeside Shopping Centre and the new towns of Basildon and Harlow.
The county town of Essex is Chelmsford and the highest point, at 482 feet is Chrishall Common which is near Langley, is close to the Hertfordshire border. Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea in Essex are governed separately as unitary authorities. Some development is prohibited in Essex near to London due to the Metropolitan Green Belt.
Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire and the River Thames border Essex. It’s centre of industry has historically been the south of the county since the majority of land in the north, east and west has been dedicated to agriculture. Other business in Essex tend to be light engineering or service sector.
The name Essex came from the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages and has its root in the Old Enlgish ‘Eastseaxe’ because it was the Eastern Kingdom of the Saxons.
The University of Essex was established in 1963 just outside of Colchester.