From the 18th century Glasgow developed into one of
Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with British North America and the
British West Indies. With the Industrial Revolution, Glasgow and surrounding
region shifted to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of heavy engineering,
most recognisably in the Shipbuilding and Marine engineering industry, which
produced many innovative and famous vessels.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Glasgow grew to a
population of over one million, and was the fourth-largest city in Europe,
after London, Paris and Berlin.
Glasgow was recognised as the "Second City of the
British Empire" for much of the Victorian era and Edwardian period. Today
Glasgow is one of Europe's top ten financial centres and is home to many of
Scotland's leading businesses. Glasgow is also ranked as the 57th most liveable
city in the world.
After the Clyde, Glasgow's second important river is the
Kelvin whose name was used for creating the title of Baron Kelvin and thereby
ended up as being known for its use as the scientific unit of temperature.
Currently, the nine Scottish Parliament constituencies in
the Glasgow electoral region are:-
Glasgow Cathcart, Glasgow Anniesland, Glasgow Shettleston,
Glasgow Kelvin, Glasgow Maryhill and Springburn, Glasgow Pollok, Glasgow
Southside and Rutherglen and Glasgow Provan.
Now an independent authority in its own right, older
representations of the areas of Scotland will show Glasgow in the pre 1975
county of Lanarkshire. Glasgow city centre is bounded by the M8 motorway to the
west and north, by the River Clyde to the south and the High Street to the
east. Unsurprisingly, people from Glasgow are known as Glaswegians.
Glasgow centre is home to most of Glasgow's main cultural
venues: The Lighthouse Museum of Architecture, Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA),
The Theatre Royal, Mitchell Library and Theatre, Glasgow Film Theatre, The
King's Theatre, Glasgow Royal Concert Hall and Tron Theatre.
The establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th
century led to the city subsequently becoming a major centre of the Scottish
Enlightenment in the 18th century. Four of Glasgow's higher education
institutions are now located in the city centre: The University of Strathclyde,
The Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, Glasgow School of Art and Glasgow
Glasgow's three professional football teams are Partick
Thistle F.C, Rangers F.C and Celtic F.C.