It is reorganised both as a new district and as a new county by Statutory Instrument as defined in The Hereford and Worcester (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996. On the 1st April 1998 Herefordshire was established as a unitary authority and organised into one single council. It was made a ceremonial county by the Lieutenancies Act of 1997.
Herefordshire is governed by Herefordshire Council which was created in 1998 with the new unitary district that amalgamated the previous administrative areas of South Herefordshire District Council, Hereford City Council, parts of Hereford-Worcester County Council, parts of Malvern Hills District Council and Leominster District Council.
The main settlements in Herefordshire include Hereford, Herefordshire's only city, as well as the towns of Leominster, Ledbury, Ross-on-Wye, Kington and Bromyard.
Herefordshire's economy has changed dramatically during recent years. The western edge of England where Herefordshire is located has historically been pastoral land in comparison to the east has been mostly arable.
Probably Herefordshire's most famous product is its beef cattle Hereford cattle. The docile nature and hardiness of Herefords have led to their popularity in countries such as the US, Australia and South America. Herefordshire is also famous for its apple and pear orchards, and its cider. Whilst Herefordshire still boasts many orchards and cider producing facilities, the numbers have declined in recent years.
Herefordshire County Council was granted a coat of arms on February 28, 1946. The arms were transferred to the present Herefordshire Council in 1977 after a period of redundancy from 1974.
In 2004 Herefordshire's county flower was announced as Mistletoe. The emblem has not been widely accepted and has no official status. Herefordshire Council currently uses a logo consisting of a green apple.