This was partly due to the ready supply of labour, the plentiful coal fields and partly due to the damp climate which limited thread breakages that the county became a centre for cotton production.
Blackpool was a major centre for tourism for the inhabitants
of Lancashire's mill towns, particularly during the wakes weeks – the traditional
week’s shutdown of the mills for annual maintenance.
In the Local Government Re-organisation of 1974 Lancashire
lost the areas of Liverpool and Manchester which were formed into Merseyside
and Greater Manchester respectively.
Only two Royal Duchies remain in the United Kingdom, the
Duchy of Lancaster and the Duchy of Cornwall. The Duchy of Lancashire has large
landholdings both throughout the region and elsewhere and whilst it primarily operates
as a property company it also exercises the right of the Crown in the County Palatine
of Lancaster, which includes areas that were removed from Lancashire as part of
the 1974 boundary changes. High Sheriffs for Lancashire, Greater Manchester and
Merseyside are appointed within the Duchy and County Palatine of Lancaster.
The M6 motorway which runs from north to south, past
Lancaster and Preston, benefits Lancashire's economy due to it being a
principal arterial route from the south east of England, through the West
Midlands and onto Scotland. Other motorways in the region include the M55, the
M65, the M58 and the M62 which links Lancashire with Yorkshire via the cross Pennine
The Red Rose of Lancaster is a symbol for the House of
Lancaster, immortalised in the verse "In the battle for England's head,
York was white, Lancaster red" which refers to the 15th century War of the
Lancashire County Cricket Club has been one of the country’s
most successful county cricket teams, particularly in the one-day game. It has
been home to numerous England cricket team members including Brian Statham, Michael
Atherton, Andrew Flintoff, James Anderson and Sajid Mahmood. Due to changes in
the county boundaries, the club's home ground, County Ground at Old Trafford,
is now outside the county of Lancashire, being instead in the metropolitan
borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester. Several historically important cricket
leagues were formed in 1892, including the North Lancashire and Cumbria League,
the Central Lancashire League and the Lancashire League. These league clubs
hire international professional players to play alongside their amateur
Lancashire County Football Association governs football in
Lancashire. Due to the County Football Associations being aligned roughly along
historic county boundaries, the Lancashire County FA contains members which
were founded within Lancashire as it was in the late 19th century, but which
now lie outside the county borders, such as Manchester United, Liverpool and
Everton. The Liverpool County Football Association and the Manchester County
Football Association operate in Merseyside and Greater Manchester respectively.
The strength of the game in Lancashire is demonstrated by the number of clubs
playing in the Premier League with two teams from both Manchester and Liverpool
plus in addition Wigan and recently Blackburn, Burnley and Blackpool.
Lancashire is the origin of the Lancashire hotpot, a
casserole dish traditionally made with lamb. Lancashire has a population of 1.5
million and people from the county are known as Lancastrians.