Liverpool was historically a
part of Lancashire, the urbanisation and expansion were both largely brought
about by the city's status as a major port. The wider Urban Area’s
population is some 825,000.
The 18th century saw trade
flourish in Liverpool followed by a boom of economic and urban expansion. The
city continued to develop as a major city and by the early 19th century roughly
40% of the world’s trade was passing through Liverpool docks.
Inhabitants of Liverpool are
referred to as Liverpudlians but are also colloquially known as
"Scousers" which is a reference to the traditional local dish known
as "scouse", a form of stew reflecting the strong influence of immigration
from Ireland in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The accents and
dialects of local people is also described as 'Scouse’.
The popularity of Liverpool as
a tourist destination has been boosted by the success of local bands such as
The Beatles and Gerry and the Pacemakers. The modern city's economy is significantly
supported by tourism and Liverpool held the European Capital of Culture title
in 2008, a year after it celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007.
Several areas of the city
centre were granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 2004. Referred to
as the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City, the site comprises six separate
locations including William Brown Street, the Pier Head and Albert
Dock and includes many of Liverpool's most famous landmarks.
Liverpool is also the home of
two Premier League football clubs, Everton F.C and Liverpool F.C. Matches
between the two clubs are known as the Merseyside Derby and are always keenly
fought contests with bragging rights going to the victors. Both teams have
produced many England international players and both have successful records.
Liverpool F.C. is also the English club with the most European titles and in
Luis Suarez a man with more dives in his repertoire than Tom Daley.
The Grand National is held
every year at Aintree Racecourse just to the north of Liverpool. It is one of
the most important events in the racing calendar and brings numerous visitors. It is held in early April every year. During the 1950s and 60s,
Aintree also hosted Motor Racing, including the British Grand Prix.
Liverpool has a wide range of
architectural styles, ranging from modern day contemporary to 16th century
Tudor buildings. The majority of buildings in Liverpool date from the late-18th
century onwards, the period during which the city grew into one of the foremost
powers in the British Empire. There are many listed buildings within the city,
over 2,500 in total with 85 being grade 2 listed and 27 being grade 1 listed.
Liverpool has more Georgian houses than the city of Bath and a higher number of
public sculptures than any other location in Britain other than Westminster.
This richness of architecture has subsequently seen Liverpool described by English
Heritage, as England's finest Victorian city.
The Pier Head is one of the
most famous locations in the city and is renowned for the trio of buildings,
the Port of Liverpool Building, the Royal Liver Building and the Cunard
Building which all face it.
As a major city, Liverpool has
direct road links with many other areas within England. To the east, the M62
motorway connects the city with Hull and along the route provides links to
several large cities, including Manchester, Leeds and Bradford. The M62 also
provides a connection to both the M6 motorway and M1 Motorway, providing
indirect links to more distant areas including Birmingham, Sheffield, Preston,
London and Nottingham.
The Port of Liverpool is one
of Britain's largest ports, providing passenger ferry services across the Irish
Sea to Belfast, Dublin and the Isle of Man. The city is serviced by Liverpool
John Lennon airport that provides air links across the UK and Europe. The
airport offers services to 68 destinations and in 2008 handled over 5.3 million