London Conference and Event Management
It has the most international visitors of any city in the world and London Heathrow is the world's busiest airport by number of international passengers. London's 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education in Europe. In 2012 London will become the first city to host the modern Summer Olympic Games three times. London contains four World Heritage Sites: Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, the Tower of London, St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich. The oldest underground railway network in the world and the second-most extensive is The London Underground.
William, Duke of Normandy, was crowned King of England in the newly finished Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066. On the 5th November 1605 during the Gunpowder Plot, an attempt to assassinate James I took place in Westminster. London was infested by disease in the early 17th century, developing into the Great Plague of 1665-1666, which killed up to 100,000 people. wooden buildings were burnt down in 1666 because of The Great Fire of London in Pudding Lane. St Paul's Cathedral, a classic by Christopher Wren was accomplished in 1708. The festival of Britain was presented on the South Bank in 1951. In order to secure London from tidal surges from the North Sea, The Thames Barrier was built in the 1980's. The London Eye, the Millennium Dome and Millennium Bridge were all built to mark the beginning of the 21st century. On 7 July 2005, three London Underground trains and a double-decker bus were bombed in a series of terrorist attacks. The main geographical feature of Modern London, is the Thames that it is located on. An accessible river that crosses the city from the south-west to the east. Hampton Court Palace is England's oldest surviving Tudor palace, built by Cardinal Thomas Wolsey circa 1515.
The 1939 Battersea Power Station is a local landmark, while some railway termini like St.Pancras and Paddington are prominent instances of admirable Victorian architecture. Nelson's Column is a nationally recognised monument in Trafalgar Square, one of the focal points of the city centre. The 72-storey Shard London Bridge is currently being built. Modern buildings include City Hall in Southwark and the British Library. What was formerly the Millennium Dome is now used as an entertainment venue called The O2 Arena. Some of central London's biggest parks are the Royal Parks of Hyde Park, its neighbour Kensington Gardens and Regent's Park. Regent's Park contains London Zoo, the world's oldest scientific zoo, and is located near the tourist attraction of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum. Hyde Park in particular is popular for sports and sometimes hosts open-air concerts. Outside the city centre big parks include Victoria Park, Richmond Park, Bushy Park and the Royal Parks of Greenwich Park. A favourable place to see the city skyline is Primrose Hill. Hampstead Heath of North London incorporates Kenwood House, a preferred summer time location and former stately home, that engages many visitors each weekend to classical musical concerts by the lake, to enjoy the music, scenery and fireworks.
The City of London is home to the Bank of England, London Stock Exchange, and Lloyd's of London insurance market. London is a huge retail centre and in 2010 had the highest non-food retail sales of any city in the world.
Handling 45 million tonnes of carg every year, the Port of London is UK's second-biggest. The five main business districts in London are: Westminster, Lambeth & Southwark, the City, Camden & Islington and Canary Wharf.
Conference and Event Management in London
London is a major international air transport hub with the largest city airspace in the world. The oldest and second longest metro system in the world; The London Underground, frequently known as the Tube dates back to 1863. Constructed from many private organisations, the London Underground serves 270 stations, including the world's first underground electric line, the City and South London Railway. Over 1 billion journeys every year are encountered on the Underground network, with over three million being made each day. The city of Westminster, the entertainment district of the West End has its focus around Leicester Square, where world and London film premieres are held, and the huge electronic advertisements of Piccadilly Circus. Speciality shops can be found in the Covent Garden area. The United Kingdom's Royal Ballet, English National Ballet, Royal Opera and English National Opera are located in London and perform at the Royal Opera House, the London Coliseum, Sadler's Wells Theatre and the Royal Albert Hall as well as touring the country. Islington's 1 mile long Upper Street, has more bars and restaurants than any other street in the UK. Europe's busiest shopping area is Oxford Street, a shopping street nearly 1 mile long, making it the longest shopping street in the UK. London is home to designers Stella McCartney, Jimmy Choo, Vivienne Westwood, Manolo Blahnik, Galliano among others; its well known art and fashion schools make it an international hub of fashion beside New York, Milan and Paris.
The beginning of the year is commemorated with the London Eye's firework display, the New Year's Day Parade, and the world's second largest street party, the Notting Hill Carnival is held during the late August Bank holiday each year. Long-established parades include Trooping the Colour, a formal military pageant displayed in June to commemorate the official birthday of the Queen, by regiments of the Commonwealth and British armies and also the Lord Mayor's Show in November. It was in London that William Shakespeare lived and spent most of his life working. Many films were set in London including Notting Hill, Peter Pan, Oliver Twist, Mary Poppins and The 101 Dalmatians. The television soap opera East Enders, first broadcast in 1985, is also set in the city. London has been a substantial role in the film industry, and has major studios at Ealing and a special effects and post-production community centred in Soho. The first to be established was the British Museum in Bloomsbury, in 1753. In 1824 the National Gallery was founded. In the latter half of the nineteenth century the locale of South Kensington was developed as "Albertopolis"., a cultural and scientific quarter. Three major national museums are located there: the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Natural History Museum and the Science Museum. Tate Britain has the national gallery of British Art. A current gallery called Tate Modern lies in the former Bankside Power Station. London is one of the major classical and popular music capitals of the world and is home to major music companies, like EMI, as well as countless bands, musicians and industry professionals.
London has many concert halls and orchestras, such as the Barbican Arts Centre, Cadogan Hall and the Royal Albert Hall. London's two main opera houses are the Royal Opera House and the Coliseum Theatre.
London has numerous venues for rock and pop concerts, along with big arenas such as Earls Court, Wembley Arena and the O2 Arena, as well as Brixton Academy, Hammersmith Apollo and the Shepherd's Bush Empire. Several music festivals, including the Wireless Festival, are held in London. The original and first Hard Rock Cafe resides in London along with the Abbey Road Studios where a lot of The Beatles hits were recorded. Group and artists in the 1970s and 1980s were Elton John, David Bowie, Queen, The Kinks, The Rolling Stones, The Who, Madness, The Jam, Led Zeppelin, Iron Maiden, Fleetwood Mac, The Police and The Cure gained notoriety throughout the world, developing their sound from the London streets and rhythms vibrating through the city.
Figures such as the Sex Pistols and The Clash are all based in the city. More recently the George Michael, Coldplay, Jamiroquai, Babyshambles, Amy Winehouse and the Spice Girls. London is also a centre for urban music. Especially the genres grime, UK garage, dubstep and drum and bass evolved in the city from the foreign genres of reggae and hip hop, along with local drum and bass. In the 1980s London was the main city in the New Wave of British Heavy Metal era which caused bands like Motorhead and Iron Maiden famous worldwide. London also became influential in the New Romantic and New Wave movements in the 1980's, supplying the background for acts like the Pet Shop Boys, Spandau Ballet and Culture Club. The 2017 World Championships in Athletics will be hosted by London.