Norfolk, and several adjacent
areas, became the kingdom of East Anglia and as a consequence a number of forts were built.
Migration into East Anglia must have been high, as by the
time of the Conquest and Domesday Book survey, it was one of the most densely
populated parts of the British Isles. During the high and late Middle Ages
Norfolk developed arable agriculture and woollen industries. The prosperity of
Norfolk during this time can be seen in its large number of medieval churches,
659 of an original 1000 still remain.
Norfolk's county town and only city is Norwich, one of the
largest settlements in England during the Norman era. Norwich is the main
business and culture centre of Norfolk and is home to the University of East
Norfolk is a popular tourist destination and has several
major holiday attractions. There are many seaside resorts, including some of
the finest British beaches such as those at Great Yarmouth, Waxham, Cromer and
Holkham bay. The Norfolk broads are amongst a number of popular areas of
outstanding natural beauty and many areas of the Norfolk coast hold bird
sanctuaries or are designated as national parks including the Norfolk Coast Area
of Outstanding natural beauty. Tourists and locals enjoy the wide variety of
monuments and historical buildings in both Norfolk and the city of Norwich.
Norfolk is one of the few counties in England that does not
have a motorway. The A11 connects Norfolk to Cambridge and London via the M11.
The A47 and the A17 provide western links to the A1.
The Norfolk dialect is also known as "Broad
Norfolk", although over the modern age much of the vocabulary and many of
the phrases have died out due to a number of factors, including radio, TV and
people from other parts of the country coming to Norfolk. As a result, the
speech of Norfolk is more of an accent than a dialect, though one part retained
from the Norfolk dialect is the distinctive grammar of the region.
'Norfolk Dumplings' is a name sometimes given to the people
of the region following a traditional part of their diet.