Whilst The Wrekin is the most well known, Clee Hills, the Long Mynd and Stiperstones are the highest points in Shropshire. One of the Clee Hills, the Brown Clee Hill, is the county's highest summit at 540 metres (1,772 ft). This gives Shropshire the 13th tallest hill per county in England. Shropshire has no cities, but 22 towns, of which 2 can be considered major.
Another important geographical and geological landmark within the county is Wenlock Edge. One of the most important and best preserved bogs in the UK is located at Bettisfield Mosses National Nature Reserve which is in the low-lying northwest region of Shropshire. Great Britain's longest river, the River Severn, flows through and exits into Worcestershire at the Severn Valley.
Shropshire is landlocked, and with an area of 1,234 square miles, is England's largest inland county. The name "Shropshire" is based on the Old English "Scrobbesbyrigscir" (literally Shrewsburyshire). Salop is an old abbreviation for Shropshire and comes from the Anglo-French "Salopesberia". It is generally replaced by the more modern "Shrops" although Shropshire community are still referred to as "Salopians".
Geographically Shropshire can be split into two halves the North and South. The land is fertile and agriculture remains a significant feature of the landscape and the economy. Heading towards Bridgnorth, the river Severn flows through Shrewsbury and the Ironbridge Gorge. Other successful industries located within the county include forestry, fishing and the mining of sand and stone, especially in the Mid-Shropshire region. Shropshire has many museums based around its industrial history, these include Ironbridge, Coalbrookdale, Broseley and Jackfield. Another major tourist attraction is Blists Hill museum and the Iron Bridge itself.
Telford is the largest town in the county with a population over 130,000 and followed by Shrewsbury with more than 70,000 residents. A rail freight terminal has been built in Telford with the future goal of extending the line to Stafford, it is hoped this would open the freight terminal up to the East Midlands and the north, plus also re-connect Newport to the rail network.
Telford and Shrewsbury are the county's two main retail centres. Being the nearest substantial town for those in a large area of mid-Wales helps it draw in large numbers of shoppers. Muller Dairy (UK) Ltd are based in Market Drayton. The RAF have two bases at RAF Cosford and RAF Shawbury, and the charity PDSA has its head office in Priorslee.
Founded in 1407 Oswestry school is the second oldest in England, and Charles Darwin attended Shrewsbury School. Universities in Shropshire include Wolverhampton University and Harper Adams University College, which previously offered mostly agriculture-based degrees but is expanding its range of provision. In Ironbridge, the University of Birmingham operates the Ironbridge Institute in partnership with the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, which provides postgraduate and professional development courses in heritage.
Within the West Midlands area, Shropshire has the highest educational attainment. Shropshire is home to a number of established amateur, semi-pro and professional sports clubs. The county is home to one of five National Sports Centres. Located at Lilleshall Hall, it is famous for being the training base of the World Cup winning England side of 1966. Hawkstone Park Motorcross Circuit and Loton Park Hillclimb are located within close proximity to Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury Motocross Club has staged motocross events in the area for over 30 years.
There are various public and private golf courses located within Shropshire, including the Church Stretton Golf Club, located on the slopes of the Long Mynd. It is the oldest 18-hole golf course in Shropshire, opened in 1898, as well as being one of the UK's highest. There is one notable horse racing racecourse in Shropshire, near Ludlow. The historic Wenlock Olympian Society Annual Games are held annually in Much Wenlock during the second weekend in July. The Games festival takes place over four days and sees people competing in various sporting activities such as cricket, golf, clay pigeon shooting, badminton, cycling, 10k road race, triathlon, volleyball, archery, football, tennis, bowls as well as track and field events.