Sussex based in the South East of England is an historic county. The name derives from the Old English Sueseaxe meaning South Saxons . Chichester was the counties only town up until 2000 when Brighton was granted city status. The name 'Sussex' is taken from the Kingdom of Sussex, founded by elle of Sussex in 477AD, which in 825 was absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex and the later kingdom of England. Six gold martlets on a blue background make up the flag of Sussex.